RelatedShaw Vows Full Disclosure of JDIP By DOUGLAS McINTOSH, JIS Reporter RelatedShaw Vows Full Disclosure of JDIP RelatedShaw Vows Full Disclosure of JDIP Shaw Vows Full Disclosure of JDIP Finance & Public ServiceJune 4, 2011 FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail KINGSTON — Finance and Public Service Minister, Hon. Audley Shaw, has pledged to ensure that all details of the Jamaica Development Infrastructure Programme (JDIP) are fully disclosed to the public as the works progress. He said that the Government is committed to ensuring absolute transparency in the execution of the project. “This year, 153 roads are going to be constructed, several major bridges are being constructed, and one of the things that I, as Minister of Finance, am going to ensure, is that all of the information is provided, (and) made available in Parliament…that the technical specifications that attend each project (and) the amount of money… be properly declared to the people of Jamaica,” he stated. Minister Shaw was speaking on Thursday at the official launch of Kia Motors’ 2011/12 model of sport utility vehicles at the company’s Chelsea Avenue showroom in Kingston. He noted that adequate funds are being allocated for each road shortlisted under JDIP “to ensure that proper drainage is in place, (and) proper construction is in place, so that the road will have the ability to be long lasting and to withstand the normal stresses of bad weather that is inevitable in our experience”. JDIP, which started in 2010, is a major five-year US$400 million road rehabilitation and infrastructural development programme being financed through an agreement between the Governments of Jamaica and China. The programme, which is being implemented islandwide by the National Works Agency (NWA), has seen work already commencing in a number of parishes, including, Kingston and St. Andrew, St. Thomas, Manchester, St. Ann, St. James, St. Catherine, St. Mary and Clarendon. Some $100 million has been allocated in the 2011/12 Estimates of Expenditure to fund the programme in its second year. Advertisements
Rubella epidemic in Japan traced to past female-only vaccination effortsJapan had 5,442 rubella cases in the first 4 months of this year, largely because past rubella vaccination programs did not target males, according to an article in today’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.The main aim of rubella vaccination is to prevent congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), which involves various birth defects in infants infected by their mothers, the article notes.Japan and several other countries that in the past targeted only girls and women for rubella vaccination have had large outbreaks among adolescent boys and young men.Rubella cases in Japan increased sharply in 2012, reaching 2,392. The increase has continued this year, with men between the ages of 20 and 39, who were not included in the initial rubella vaccination program, accounting for 68% of cases.Vaccination efforts targeting both boys and girls were strengthened starting in 2006, with the result that children under age 15 account for only 5.6% of the cases this year.The report says that countries using rubella vaccine should work to prevent outbreaks by aiming for high immunity in all age-groups and both sexes.Jun 14 MMWR articleCDC reports infection findings in tainted steroid outbreakThe US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported one more suspected infection linked to tainted injectable steroids produced by Main Street Family Pharmacy and said that skin wound tests have found bacteria and fungi in 4 of the 26 patients so far, according to an update yesterday. The number of affected states stayed at four.Most patients have had skin and soft-tissue infections following intramuscular injection of the contaminated methylprednisolone acetate. Two of the patients had Enterobacter cloacae andKlebsiella pneumoniae, one had an unidentified mixed bacterial infection, and one had a fungal finding highly suggestive of Aspergillus, according to the CDC. Further confirmation is under way.The CDC said that though bacteria and fungi have been isolated from unopened vials, it’s not possible to determine which infections are due to the contamination and which could be from other factors, such as improper handling or medication administration.CDC reminded clinicians to use individual containers of compounded or preservative-free medicine for single patients only and to promptly report any infections that might be related to a medication or device, even outside of a recognized outbreak.Jun 13 CDC outbreak updateViral pneumonia sickens 21 health workers at Chinese hospitalLocal health officials in China’s Anhui province said today that 21 healthcare workers from the same hospital in the city of Suzhou have been hospitalized with viral pneumonia, Xinhua, China’s state news agency reported.A statement from city health officials said all worked in the hospital’s respiratory care department, and none of the illnesses are critical. The first patient was a nurse who came down with a fever, cough, and headache on Jun 5. No new cases have been reported since Jun 11.The city’s disease control center is testing samples from the patients, though tests at another hospital’s lab indicate that the patients have viral pneumonia.A spokesperson from Anhui province’s health bureau told Xinhua that the illness is a common pneumonia and does not pose a public health threat.Jun 14 Xinhua storyDemocratic Republic of Congo reports yellow fever outbreakThe Democratic of Congo’s health ministry is launching a yellow fever vaccination campaign in response to an outbreak that has so far resulted in 51 suspected cases and 19 deaths in three of the country’s health zones, the World Health Organization (WHO) said today.So far six of the infections have been lab-confirmed. The index patient is a 16-year-old boy from the village of Kisengua in the northeast part of the country who got sick on Mar 1.The mass vaccination campaign starts Jun 20 and will target 503,426 people in the three health zones, the WHO said. The International Coordinating Group on Yellow Fever Provision will dispense 559,000 doses to the health ministry, which will coordinate the campaign with assistance of global health partners.The last report of yellow fever in the country was Jul 2010, according to previous WHO reports. The Republic of Congo, the DRC’s neighbor to the west, reported an outbreak in December 2012.Jun 14 WHO statement
According to Liebherr, the LR11000 is the first 1,000-tonne capacity crawler crane operated by a Swiss crane contractor and is the first crawler crane in Emil Egger’s fleet, which previously only included mobile cranes.The LR11000 features the ballast system VarioTray, a detachable ballast plate for the crane’s derrick boom. If the entire counterweight is not required for a lift, a centre section of the suspended ballast weighing up to 160 tonnes can be removed and used separately.This innovation will be utilised for the crane’s first project at a construction site in Zurich, where for the next six months it will lift supports with weights from 25 to 58 tonnes. For the heavy units, which include facade components weighing up to 90 tonnes, and units with a large radius, the derrick ballast plate is bolted on before moving the boom up and down. “The flexible options of the VarioTray entail cost benefits and save a huge amount of time for the otherwise tedious ballast installation and removal”, claims Emil Egger’s Michael Egger. The LR11000 joins Emil Egger’s fleet of 30 cranes and will primarily be used for infrastructure projects, with the possibility of it being used abroad for erecting wind turbines. www.liebherr.com www.ete.ch
Advertisement 2pNBA Finals | Brooklyn Vsrf3y9Wingsuit rodeo📽Sindre Ecfcsc( IG: @_aubreyfisher @imraino ) 90nWould you ever consider trying this?😱d1oCan your students do this? 🌚wjg7Roller skating! Powered by Firework Marin Cilic, who turned 30 on Friday, makes history as he becomes the youngest Grand Slam champion still active in the men’s tennis circuit – the most unexpected, and improbable, phenomenon in the sport’s history. As of Sept. 28, no men’s tennis player under the age of 30 has won a major. This has never occurred before in the sport. Roger Federer, Rafael Nadal, Novak Djokovic, Andy Murray, Stan Wawrinka, Juan Martin Del Potro, and now Cilic are all over 30.Advertisement According to data since 1930 from the ATP World Tour, male pros ages 30 and up own all the major singles titles won by currently active players. When one ponders upon this, it isn’t that difficult to visualize how unusual this fact is, both when thinking about individual players’ careers and also when thinking about the structural changes in the sport. Although advances in technology and healthcare have made it possible to play elite tennis for longer, those shifts alone cannot account for the severity of this over-30 situation. Men’s tennis never used to be this way. The winners have usually been young and dominant. From 1955 through 1966, men under age 30 won 48 consecutive major titles, the longest streak on record.The next longest streak of major titles won by 30-somethings happened back in 1969, when Rod Laver set it by himself, winning all four major titles at ages 30 and 31. Other than that, every season from 1925 through 2016 had at least two Slam winners under 30. Fast forward to recent times, the young still ruled after that, with Nadal, Djokovic and Murray winning most of the titles. But then a funny thing happened: Federer and his younger rivals, Nadal and Djokovic, kept thrashing opponents and winning majors, no matter their ages. All this could be very ominous for the men’s game, a sign the kids are hopeless.Advertisement Accepting that these present masters of the sport are gifted geniuses seems convincing enough just because millennials lack multiple things that those hard hitters didn’t, viz being motivated by their rivals’ achievements, using others’ wins as inspiration to improve their tactics, technique and conditioning. But whatever happens, the chance of any generation matching them in the future is slim – and perhaps impossible.Advertisement Advertisement
Who will take over the reins of the senior team head coach position of India after Stephen Constantine?Advertisement yghiNBA Finals | Brooklyn VsrWingsuit rodeo📽Sindre E7uu( IG: @_aubreyfisher @imraino ) k24Would you ever consider trying this?😱5hfqcnCan your students do this? 🌚8Roller skating! Powered by Firework Stephen Constantine announced a 30-member probable squad for India’s forthcoming friendly match against Jordan at the King Abdullah II International Stadium in Amman on November 17. However, the coach had to face a lot of criticism from the fans on social media as he left out a lot of deserving players.Advertisement And as usual, the fans are furious with itIndia should be oozing with confidence after eking out a 0-0 draw against China last month. Jordan, on the other hand, is coming on the back of a 1-2 defeat through the hands of World Cup runners-up Croatia. This will be the first time the senior team of both the sides will cross swords.Ths squad will assemble on the capital on November 11th after which the squad will be trimmed down to a 23 member one. Here is the probable squad:Advertisement GOALKEEPERS: Gurpreet Singh Sandhu, Amrinder Singh, Vishal Kaith, Arindam Bhattacharjya.DEFENDERS: Pritam Kotal, Nishu Kumar, Sarthak Golui, Sandesh Jhingan, Anas Edathodika, Salam Ranjan Singh, Subhasish Bose, Narayan Das, Jerry Lalrinzuala.Advertisement MIDFIELDERS: Udanta Singh, Nikhil Poojary, Pronay Halder, Rowllin Borges, Anirudh Thapa, Jackichand Singh, Vinit Rai, Germanpreet Singh, Halicharan Narzary, Ashique Kuruniyan, Bikash Jairu.FORWARDS: Sunil Chhetri, Jeje Lalpekhlua, Sumeet Passi, Farukh Choudhary, Balwant Singh, Manvir Singh. Advertisement
A NEW era is dawning for Pakenham racing. The stunning new facility at Tynong is taking shape, with the first…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.
Liffey Celtics lost their first game of the season last Sunday evening thanks to a stunning three-point shooting exhibition from Pyrobel Killester, which saw them win out 109-86 against the Cup champions. This result has made the battle at the top of the table extremely interesting, with Liffey now on one loss and DCU Mercy sitting on their heels with three losses. Liffey have had the better of the sides’ meetings this year, overcoming DCU at home in their first clash in the league, before putting in a clinical performance against them in the National Cup semi-final in Cork. Revenge will certainly be on the cards for Mark Ingle’s DCU charges though, and they will be hoping to defend their home court in style on Sunday afternoon.Elsewhere around the women’s league, the battle for crucial top slots is raging on in earnest. One of the other big clashes of the weekend sees the Cork derby meeting of Fr Mathews and Singleton SuperValu Brunell this Saturday, in what is a repeat of the Cup semi-final showdown in early January. Brunell got the better of that clash, but this weekend’s derby will undoubtedly come down to the wire between these two sides. NUIG Mystics meanwhile face off against Pyrobel Killester in Galway on Saturday and will be hoping to get some vital points on the board. A big battle will also tip off in Kilkenny this weekend as Marble City Hawks welcome Maxol WIT Wildcats while Ambassador UCC Glanmire will be hoping to maintain their spot on the table when they welcome IT Carlow Basketball to Cork on Saturday evening.A big decider in the Men’s Super League will tip off in Tralee this weekend as Garvey’s Tralee Warriors host Pyrobel Killester in a huge clash at the Sports Complex. Tralee have played 12 games to date and have lost just four, to see them on the same loss record as league leaders, Templeogue, while Killester have lost five of their 13 games. The two sides most recently met in the Hula Hoops Cup semi-final in January, with Ciaran Roe delivering a polished 34-point performance for Killester to see them through that tie.Top of the table Templeogue meanwhile will be hoping to banish Demons this weekend when they welcome the Cork side to Oblate Hall. The Dubliners, who have played 14 games so far this season, need to pick up the points from this clash in a bid to stay slightly ahead of the chasing pack, while UCC Demons also need a big performance this weekend in order to stay in the vital top six spot.Elsewhere, UCD Marian will be hoping to keep momentum from last weekend’s win against Templegoue when they host Maree in Dublin on Saturday evening. Maree have proven to be a tough opponent for Marian recently, beating them in Oranmore in their last league meeting. C and S Neptune will welcome Belfast Star to Cork on Saturday, while Moycullen and DCU Saints go head-to-head in Galway.BasketballIreland Fixtures: February 16th and 17thSaturday16th February 2019 BasketballIreland Men’s Super League: C and S Neptune v Belfast Star, Neptune Stadium, 19:00;UCD Marian v Maree, UCD Sports Centre-Belfield,19:00;Moycullen v DCU Saints, NUIG, 19:30;Garvey’s Tralee Warriors v Pyrobel Killester, TraleeSports Complex, 19:30;Templeogue v UCC Demons, Oblate Hall Inchicore,20:00; BasketballIreland Women’s Super League: NUIG Mystics v Pyrobel Killester, BallinfoileCastlegar Neighbourhood Centre-Headford Rd, 16:30;Fr Mathews v Singleton SuperValu Brunell, Fr MathewsArena, 17:00;Marble City Hawks v Maxol WIT Wildcats, O LoughlinGaels Gym, 19:00;Ambassador UCC Glanmire v IT Carlow Basketball,Mardyke Arena, 19:00;BasketballIreland Men’s Division One: Tradehouse Central Ballincollig v LYIT Donegal,Ballincollig CS, 16:00;UL Sports Eagles v Ulster University Elks, PESS Building-UL,17:00;LIT v EJ Sligo All-Stars, Limerick IT Sportshall,18:00;Limerick Celtics v GameFootage.net Titans, StMunchins, 18:30;Waterford Vikings v DBS Eanna, Waterford IT, 19:00;Scotts Lakers St Pauls Killarney v Abbey SealsDublin Lions, Killarney SC, 19:30;Fr Mathews v KUBS BC, Fr Mathews Arena, 19:45; A top of the table clash in the Women’s Super Leagueis in store this weekend as second placed DCU Mercy welcome league leaders,Courtyard Liffey Celtics to DCU on Sunday afternoon. BasketballIreland Women’s Division One: Limerick Celtics v Fabplus North West, St Munchins,16:30;Team Tom McCarthy’s St Mary’s v Swords Thunder, StMarys Castleisland, 18:30;Maree v Trinity Meteors, Calsanctius College, 19:30;Portlaoise Panthers v Ulster University Elks, StMarys Sports Hall, 19:30;Sunday17th February 2019 BasketballIreland Women’s Super League: DCU Mercy v Courtyard Liffey Celtics, DCU Complex,14:30;BasketballIreland Men’s Division One: IT Carlow Basketball v Fr Mathews, Barrow Centre-ITCarlow, 13:00;LIT v Ulster University Elks, Limerick ITSportshall, 14:00;Portlaoise Panthers v Bad Bobs Tolka Rovers, StMarys Sports Hall, 15:30;BasketballIreland Women’s Division One: UL Huskies v Fabplus North West, UL PessBuilding-Limerick, 13:00;print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Email
From solitary, unmarked burials to church graveyards crowded with more than a hundred monuments, cemeteries of Great Smoky Mountains National Park are enduring historic treasures. And within the cemeteries distributed throughout the park, each somber monument offers insight into the hardships, personalities, economics and beliefs of the people who called the Smokies home.For Cemeteries of the Smokies author Gail Palmer of Maryville, TN, this book represents a historical passion project spanning two decades. This long-anticipated landmark work, published by Great Smoky Mountains Association in the style of a guidebook, features directions to all 152 known cemeteries within the park boundary and provides in-depth histories of each site alongside a complete listing of burials and dates, kinship links and epitaphs. No other known resource so thoroughly collects this depth of information in one place, displayed with color photographs, detailed lists, charts and an index of local family names.“While finishing my doctoral degree in cultural studies at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, I decided I wanted to write a book about the Smokies,” Palmer said. “I knew many of the cemeteries were hidden away from view in beautiful locations, sometimes only a few steps from a roadway or well-traveled trail.”At first, Palmer said, she believed she’d write a simple guidebook. She soon learned, however, that there were many more cemeteries than she ever imagined and there’d be nothing ‘simple’ about documenting all of them.“Even more importantly, I discovered fascinating and heartwarming stories about individuals who had lived and died in areas that are now a part of the national park, including members of my mother’s family,” she continued. “With much help from many people and many hours spent searching archival material, interviewing descendants and locating cemeteries, I began seeing the people of the Smokies, their dreams and their sorrows, more clearly.”Since the park’s creation, officials have noted a significant interest in the topic of cemeteries and ancestry, especially among local people attempting to trace their ancestry to the park. Rangers have answered hundreds of questions from visitors who ran across these historic sites while hiking.Cemeteries of the Smokies is divided into two sections: East Tennessee and Western North Carolina. On the Tennessee side of the Smokies, 77 known cemeteries are inside the park, with 2,726 graves; in North Carolina, there are 75 known cemeteries with 2,011 graves.“The park’s cemeteries and this book reveal so much about the lives of those hardy mountain families who called the Great Smoky Mountains home. The family ties, the community ties, fatih, economics, the heart-breaking frequency of infant mortality and the long, happy lives of so many others are all revealed,” said Steve Kemp, editor and publisher of Cemeteries of the Smokies. As a long-time GSMA staffer, Kemp’s involvement with the book’s development has also spanned many years. “There is no better source for historical research than our cemeteries, where the past truly is carved in stone. This book is for anyone who has ever happened upon a small cemetery in the back of beyond on a Smoky Mountain road or trail and wondered about the lives of those buried within.”In the Smokies, the preservation and decoration of family cemeteries is a time-honored tradition. Most mountain families still make regular pilgrimages to the resting places of their loved ones to host reunions and reflect on happy memories of their elders. For them, land in Great Smoky Mountains National Park is sacred. This book allows the reader to learn about the land, its people and their histories. More than that, it provides guidance to those who want to visit some of the places mentioned in the book, even the cemeteries that are not on most visitors’ agendas.“Cemeteries of the Smokies has been the longest project I have worked on,” GSMA Senior Publications Specialist Joey Heath said of her work on the book. “It took several years to complete, and every detail was researched, checked and checked again. We strived to create the most comprehensive book we could, and I believe we were successful. I am not saying the book is perfect, but we were diligent, and I hope readers will be pleased.”For Heath, the most interesting and important information contained in the book is that of the residents and their histories. “What makes Cemeteries of the Smokies so fascinating is not the precise details of a cemetery or who is buried there, but the lives and traditions of the mountain folk who lived here. The strength and resilience of mountain people defined them,” she said. GSMA will host a number of Cemeteries of the Smokies book signings with the author throughout the season. The first will be Saturday, Nov. 25, from 2-4 p.m. at GSMNP’s Sugarlands Visitor Center near Gatlinburg, Tenn.; followed on Sunday, Nov. 26, at Cades Cove Visitor Center, also in GSMNP, beginning at 10 a.m. The author will also be participating in a speaker series at Blount County Library in Maryville, Tenn., Dec. 7, at 6 p.m. Additional locations and dates are being planned and will be announced soon.Great Smoky Mountains Association’s publications are designed to enhance greater public understanding, enjoyment and appreciation of the national park. A national park partner, GSMA has provided more than $36 million to support the park’s educational, scientific and historical programs since its inception 65 years ago.Support for the association is achieved primarily from sales of educational publications and from annual membership dues. Those who wish to enrich their national park experience are encouraged to become GSMA members.
23 February 2012Business has welcomed Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan’s 2012 Budget, saying it rightly emphasized the need for a collaborative effort from all South Africans in working towards a growing, inclusive, job-rich economy against the backdrop of a weak global economic outlook.Business Unity South Africa (Busa) described the Budget as credible, broadly balanced and confidence-building, saying it was pleased with the central priority the Budget placed on the expanded infrastructure programme.“This initiative should not only aid in building modern infrastructure, but will also reduce poverty, create decent work and expand employment opportunities,” Busa said in a statement on Thursday.Need to be globally competitiveBusa was further pleased with the emphasis on the need for South Africa to be globally competitive, further tax relief for small business and micro-enterprises, and a simplified tax regime for SMMEs.It said the small and emerging business sector had the greatest potential for job creation.“We welcome as business additional allocations of R55.9-billion over the next three years and an additional R9.5-billion for an economic support package.“We also welcome the 43 major infrastructure projects and further detail on how they will be funded. In this vein, we look forward to the infrastructure summit which the President is planning to convene soon,” said Busa.Sars commended for raising R739-billionThe Banking Association of South Africa commended the South African Revenue Service for raising R739-billion under difficult economic conditions. “The national Budget has, for the first time, passed R1-trillion, highlighting the significant expenditure by government,” it said.The association said Gordhan had demonstrated visionary, honest and practical leadership.In his speech, Gordhan commented on the high banking costs in South Africa. The association said that, while increasing competition in the sector was leading to a more efficient sector with lower costs, had to be noted that South Africa had high broadband costs, costs of protecting cash and significant compliance costs.It said it was working with National Treasury in this regard.Dividends tax rate increase ‘a shock’Des Kruger, Director: Tax at Webber Wentzel law firm said that the increase in the dividends tax rate had come as a shock, given that all previous announcements and the law as it stands at present indicated a 10% rate.“The proposed 50% increase in the dividends tax rate to 15% so late in the day will no doubt cause considerable administration burdens on those companies and regulated intermediaries that have to account for the tax,” said Kruger.He added that foreigners owning property in South Africa would be adversely affected by the increase in inclusion capital gains tax (CGT) rates, because non-residents are required to pay CGT on the disposal of any immovable property owned by them in South Africa.However, Kruger did welcome the proposal to allow a deduction for interest incurred on the acquisition of shares to be deductible in certain circumstances.PKF chartered accountants and business advisers was surprised by the unexpected increase in the rate at which the new Dividends Tax was being levied at 15% – when 10% had been anticipated – and the increase in the rate of capital gains tax (CGT) from 10% to 13.3% for individuals, from 14% to 18.6% for companies and from 20% to 26.7% for trusts.‘High-income earners targeted’Eugene du Plessis, director of tax at the company said the Budget had hit the high net worth individual (HNWI) sector.“They are targeting the HNWI with measures that can only affect the wealthy, and by removing legitimate means of reducing their tax burden,” Du Plessis said.“While this is being viewed as ‘a more equitable means of spreading the load’, targeting the high proportion of their income that HNWIs earn from passive investments, in reality it is making South Africa such a high-tax country for the wealthy that there is little incentive for them to live here as opposed to more developed countries.”The coalition of the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu), the South African Council of Churches (SACC) and the South African Non-Governmental Organisation Coalition (Sangoco) said it welcomed that government spending would be increased to 32% of GDP in 2012/13.State ‘must learn to spend its allocations better’However, the coalition said, it was concerned at the capacity in national departments, provincial governments and local municipalities to spend the allocated amounts in a manner that will boost the industrial capacity of the economy and create decent jobs.The coalition, referred to as the People’s Budget Campaign (PBC), said it was concerned that the Budget deficit would decrease to 3% of GDP by 2014.“The unpredictability of the current economic crisis in Europe will continue to impact our economy negatively,” the PBC said. “It is therefore important for government to avoid decreasing the budget deficit over the MTEF and thus prevent our economy from deteriorating into a second-round recession.“Cutting deficit spending is simply not a sound economic measure given the global economic crisis and the triple crisis we continue to face at home.”While the coalition welcomed the allocation of infrastructure spend to the tune of R3.2-trillion over the three-year period, it said it must be complimented by the need to increase the capacity of the state to appropriately spend the allocated amounts.“We welcome the proposed establishment of the municipal infrastructure support agency that will enhance infrastructure development capacity of the rural municipalities.”The coalition said it rejected the proposed adjustments in tariffs by the minister regarding e-tolling in Gauteng to pay for the Gauteng Freeway Improvement Project.“The PBC rejects the continued reliance on user pay principle in the development of road infrastructure. We do not support e-tolling and call for a reliable, safe, affordable and integrated transport system,” it said, noting the acknowledgement made by Gordhan that the e-tolling system will have a negative impact on the road users in the province and workers in particular.The coalition said it was appalled that some learners were still being taught in mud houses, and demanded the elimination of them in the financial year. The Budget also failed to reduce teacher-learner ratios in the rural and township schools, it said.Source: BuaNews