Following the announcement of a major expansion and expansion to Central and Eastern Europe, the international bus operator and mobile brand FlixBus, opened its doors to Croatian passengers. With the opening of the regional branch of FlixBus in Zagreb, Croatia has become the main hub of Central and Eastern Europe.The first Croatian partners to recognize this successful business model, Brioni Pula, Vincek transport, Slavonia Bus and transport Knežević will green the roads from the south of Croatia, along the entire coast and Istria, all the way to Zagreb and Eastern Croatia.˝With its business model, FlixBus has managed to attract millions of passengers across Europe (we already number almost 35 million) and has created thousands of new jobs in the industry and strengthened the business of regional bus carriers. This is exactly what we wanted to provide to Croatian passengers and domestic bus carriers, so we started this project at the end of last year, and already in January 2016, after conquering the market all the way to England, Spain and Scandinavia, we announced expansion in Central and Eastern Europe.˝ said Mr. Dean Chebohin, Business Development Director for CEE.The success of the FlixBus business model confirms that innovation and entrepreneurial spirit combined with the experience and quality of a traditional bus company make this European FlixBus network of bus lines strong and bring a whole new form of business to passenger bus transport. ”With regional partners and an ultra-modern fleet of luxury buses, we can really rely on generations of experience in bus transport in Croatia. Combining entrepreneurial spirit and innovative technology with traditional small and medium-sized enterprises, we have established a completely new form of transport. We just made the buses a cool way to travel.˝ pointed out André Schwämmlein, one of the three founders of FlixBus.By coming to the Croatian market, FlixBus sets new standards and provides more space between seats, socket, free internet, possibility to buy drinks and snacks on the bus, free luggage and the possibility of cancellation or change of reservation up to 15 minutes before departure free of charge. This high level of service and an excellent wide network of bus lines throughout Europe, FlixBus provides at dynamic prices that are available to everyone and range from 9 € / 69kn, depending on how early you can plan your trip.In the fall, further connections were announced with other neighboring countries, ie with Switzerland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and domestic lines will be strengthened in order to make the interconnection of cities in Croatia as high quality as possible. FlixBus introduced new travel standards on the Croatian market, more acceptable travel prices and open access to the largest European network of autobunish lines.
Until ten o’clock in the evening, Solana Nin will be open to all visitors, and free tours will be organized with expert guidance every full hour from 8 am to 13 pm and from 17 pm to 20 pm.Solane Park area is also known as an area that attracts a large number of birds, especially endangered ones, so visitors will be able to observe birds for free, which will certainly be interesting for amateurs and professionals in the world of ornithology. In addition to this offer, the Salt Museum will be opened, where visitors will be able to see old photographs, tools with which salt was collected throughout history, watch a documentary about the Saltworks and much more.”The richness of flora and fauna will welcome you with open arms, where you will have the opportunity to observe more than 250 different species of birds, numerous shrimps and the salt marsh plant specific only for peloid soils.”Point out from Solana Nin and point out that the House of Salt has recently been opened as an excellent tourist product. The interior of the House is lined with salt, and the facility offers a variety of interactive and educational content. It contains a large model of the Solana covered with glass with light effects, and with its help visitors can get a better visual approach to the way of working, the appearance of the entire area covered by the Solana together with its pools.Hosts in family accommodation, be a real host and meet your guests about this great tourist story and great content in Nin. If the guest is satisfied, you will be too, because the guest will return to the destination next year, ie to your accommodation. The motive for coming is never accommodation but destination.Meet them and about salt
Share Share on Facebook LinkedIn Share on Twitter Email Negative feedback can sting, but thinking about the big picture may help transform criticism into positive change, according to new research published by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology.“People are defensive when they are told about something they did wrong,” said lead researcher Jennifer Belding, Ph.D., from Ohio State University. “Listening to negative feedback requires self-control because you have to get past the fact that hearing it hurts and instead use the information to improve over time.”In three experiments, researchers found that people were more likely to accept criticism and make steps toward changing their behavior if they took a broad “forest instead of the trees” view and thought change was possible. The study was published online in the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin on April 24, 2015. Pinterest In the first experiment, 85 undergraduate students at Ohio State University (47 female, 38 male) were randomly divided into two groups with one group encouraged to think in a broad view, which is known as high-level construal. They were asked to name a category for 20 different objects. For example, these participants would say that a soda is a type of drink. The other group was encouraged to think in a narrow view, or low-level construal, by picking a specific example for each object. These participants might have said that an example of a soda is a Coke.After reading about the dangers of skin cancer and tanning, participants were asked if they were motivated to reduce their risk by using sunblock and other means. Participants who enjoyed tanning were more motivated to change their behavior if they had been encouraged to think in a broad perspective.People also need to believe change is possible to motivate them to alter their behavior, according to the findings of a second experiment with 133 undergraduate students (58 female, 72 male, three unrecorded). One group read a message suggesting that skin cancer could be prevented through applying sunblock and avoiding tanning, while the other group was informed that skin cancer was caused by predefined characteristics, such as genetics and ethnicity. When participants were given the option to read about skin cancer prevention tips, participants with a family history of skin cancer spent more time reading the materials if they had been told that skin cancer was preventable.Two additional experiments conducted online with more than 600 participants had similar results. People who tanned were more motivated to seek information about skin cancer prevention tips if they had been encouraged to think in a broad view and if they believed skin cancer could be prevented.“Thinking about the big picture is going to make people more open to negative feedback when it’s something you can and should improve,” Belding said.The research findings have practical implications. When delivering negative feedback to an employee, a supervisor should speak broadly about why these improvements are needed and possible before addressing specific steps, Belding said. Screaming and blaming never helps because it makes employees more defensive and less likely to change their behavior, she added.In a similar vein, health education campaigns should focus on the large picture and inform people that change is possible to motivate action, Belding said.
Share on Twitter LinkedIn Share Siamagka and Balbanis use the five dimensions to develop a new scale to measure consumer ethnocentrism. Through an empirical study using data from the United Kingdom and the United States, they establish that the scale, which they call the Consumer Ethnocentrism Extended Scale, or CEESCALE. This new scale provides researchers with a better way to measure consumer ethnocentrism, as it better predicts the preferences of consumers for domestic brands.“Buy-local campaigns are important tools for promoting domestic products. Most of those campaigns revolve around the ethnocentrism of consumers. With its attention to such nuances as insecurity, our CEESCALE can help governments and organizations write suitable messages that can appeal to consumers,” Siamagka and Balbanis write. Share on Facebook Email Are you are one of the many consumers who prefer domestic to foreign products, even when the domestic products are lower in quality and cost more? Why is that? As a new study in the Journal of International Marketing explains, you are exhibiting what is known as consumer ethnocentrism–a thirty-year-old concept, says the study, whose conceptual boundaries and measurement need to be extended.“Since its initial formulation in 1987, the concept of consumer ethnocentrism has remained by and large unchanged,” write the authors of the study, Nikoletta-Theofania Siamagka (King’s College London) and George Balbanis (City University London). “But empirical evidence from a number of studies shows that consumer ethnocentrism has a multidimensional structure, a structure too complicated for the current working definition, which basically considers only one dimension, the moral dimension, of purchasing foreign products.”The study identifies new components of consumer ethnocentrism, establishing, in consultation with other research on the topic, five distinct dimensions in the process: prosociality, in which the interest of one’s country is more important than one’s own; cognition, or interpreting the world from the point of view of one’s own ethnic group; insecurity, or regarding foreign products as a threat to the domestic economy; reflexiveness, meaning that one’s ethnocentrism is automatically activated; and habituation, in which ethnocentrism becomes a habit. Pinterest
Share on Facebook A cellular ‘gatekeeper’The new research, published Dec. 7 in Nature Communications, revolves around their discovery that p53, a transcription factor protein, acts as a gatekeeper protein.“We found that p53 tries to maintain the status quo in a cell, it guards against changes from one cell type to another,” explained Jian Feng, PhD, senior author and professor in the Department of Physiology and Biophysics in the Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at UB. “We found that p53 acts as a kind of gatekeeper protein to prevent conversion into another type of cell. Once we lowered the expression of p53, then things got interesting: We were able to reprogram the fibroblasts into neurons much more easily.”The advance has importance to basic cell biology, Feng said. “This is a generic way for us to change cells from one type to another,” he said. “It proves that we can treat the cell as a software system, when we remove the barriers to change. If we can identify transcription factor combinations that control which genes are turned on and off, we can change how the genome is being read. We might be able to play with the system more quickly and we might be able to generate tissues similar to those in the body, even brain tissue.“People like to think that things proceed in a hierarchical way, that we start from a single cell and develop into an adult with about 40 trillion cells, but our results prove that there is no hierarchy,” he continued. “All our cells have the same source code as our first cell; this code is read differently to generate all types of cells that make up the body.”Generating new dopamine neurons via cellular conversionTiming was key to their success. “We found that the point in the cell cycle just before the cell tries to sense its environment to ensure that all is ready for duplicating the genome, is the prime time when the cell is receptive to change,” said Feng.By lowering the genomic gatekeeper p53 at the right time of cell cycle, they could easily turn the skin cells into dopamine neurons, with transcription factor combinations discovered in previous studies. These manipulations turn on the expression of Tet1, a DNA modification enzyme that changes how the genome is read.“Our method is faster and much more efficient than previously developed ones,” said Feng. “The best previous method could take two weeks to produce 5 percent dopamine neurons. With ours, we got 60 percent dopamine neurons in ten days.”The researchers have done multiple experiments to prove that these neurons are functional mid-brain dopaminergic neurons, the type lost in Parkinson’s disease.The finding enables researchers to generate patient-specific neurons in a dish that could then be transplanted into the brain to repair the faulty neurons. It can also be used to efficiently screen new treatments for Parkinson’s disease. For decades, the elusive holy grail in Parkinson’s disease research has been finding a way to repair faulty dopamine neurons and put them back into patients, where they will start producing dopamine again. Researchers have used fetal material, which is difficult to obtain and of variable quality. Embryonic stem cells represented a tremendous innovation, but making dopamine neurons from stem cells is a long process with a low yield.These issues have driven researchers to try to develop ways to turn cells that are easy to obtain, such as skin cells, into dopamine neurons, which are normally hidden in the brain. But here, too, it has been difficult to obtain sufficient quantities of neurons.Now, Parkinson’s disease researchers at the Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at the University at Buffalo have developed a way to ramp up the conversion of skin cells into dopamine neurons. They have identified – and found a way to overcome -a key obstacle to such cellular conversions. At the same time, the researchers say the finding has profound implications for changing the way scientists work with all cells. Share on Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn Email Share
While most adolescents with newly identified depression symptoms received some treatment within three months, some of them did not receive any follow-up care and 40 percent of adolescents prescribed antidepressant medication did not have any documented follow-up care for three months, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.Major depression is a chronic and disabling condition that affects 12 percent of adolescents, with as many as 26 percent of young people experiencing at least mildly depressive symptoms. The timely start of effective treatment is critical because failing to achieve remission of depression is associated with a higher likelihood of recurrent depression and more impaired long-term functioning.The study by Briannon C. O’Connor, Ph.D., who completed the work while at New York University School of Medicine, New York, and who is now with Coordinated Care Services Inc., of Rochester, N.Y., and coauthors examined routine care in three large health care systems. They assessed whether adolescents with newly identified depression symptoms received appropriate care in the three months following identification of the symptoms. Elements of the appropriate follow-up care included initiating antidepressant or psychotherapy treatment, having at least one follow-up visit, and symptom monitoring with a questionnaire. Share Share on Twitter Share on Facebook LinkedIn Email Pinterest The authors report that among 4,612 participants (average age 16 at the initial event and 66 percent female), treatment was initiated for 2,934 participants and most of them received psychotherapy alone or in conjunction with medications.However, in the three months after symptoms were identified, 36 percent of adolescents received no treatment (n=1,678), 68 percent did not have a follow-up symptom assessment (n=3,136) and 19 percent did not receive any follow-up care (n=854), according to the results. Additionally, 40 percent of adolescents prescribed antidepressant medication did not have follow-up care documented for three months (n=356).The authors note differences in rates of follow-up care among the three sites in the study. The primary study limitation was its reliance on medical record data from electronic health records because conclusions depend on how information was gathered and recorded. It remains unclear how generalizable the study findings are beyond the settings where the data were collected.“These results raise concerns about the quality of care for adolescent depression,” the study concludes.
Share on Facebook Pinterest Email LinkedIn New research has found that women with borderline personality disorder are more likely to engage in sexual masochism.The study examined 60 women with a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder and 60 women with a personality disorder other than BPD. The researchers found that sexual masochism disorder was 10 times more likely in women with BPD than the other women. Women with BPD were more likely to report fantasizing about being tied up, being whipped and spanked, and being forced to do something.Sexual masochism disorder, unlike masochism in general, occurs when a person’s masochistic behaviors cause significant psychological, social, or physical harm. Share Share on Twitter Does this mean sexual masochism disorder is a symptom of BPD? Not necessarily. As the researchers explain, BDP and sexual masochism disorder may “share common risk factors that could explain their co-occurrence.” They found, for instance, that masochistic women with BPD were more likely to have suffered childhood sexual abuse than non-masochistic women.The study was published in the peer-reviewed scientific journal Archives of Sexual Behavior.PsyPost interviewed the study’s corresponding author, Alvaro Frias Ibañez of the University of Ramon-Llull in Barcelona. Read his responses below:PsyPost: Why were you interested in this topic?Ibañez: I usually treat patients with personality disorders in general and borderline personality disorder specifically. Most of these patients reported sado-masochistic sexual experiences in which they adopted the masochistic role. For these patients, similar to other harmful acts such as cutting, they obtained pleasure by receiving such behaviors.What should the average person take away from your study?While sexual sado-masochistic behaviors may represent benign acts, it is likely that sado-masochistic disorder may somehow reflect an underlying emotional disturbance.Are there any major caveats? What questions still need to be addressed?The sample size was relatively small and did not pertain to the general population. Hence, it is possible that sado-masochistic sexual disorder may not be a psychological disturbance per se.Is there anything else you would like to add?Based on my clinical experience, clinicians should address whether borderline patients may have sado-masochistic sexual disorder, specifically in order to avoid forthcoming sexual risk behaviors and also as a manner to treat with trauma-related symptomatology.The study, “Is There a Relationship Between Borderline Personality Disorder and Sexual Masochism in Women?” was also co-authored by Laura González, Cárol Palma, and Núria Farriols.
Pinterest Share Share on Twitter Share on Facebook LinkedIn Email A new study has found that a deep alignment with the United States of America diminishes the moral gap between liberals and conservatives. The findings appear in the journal Political Psychology.“In our polarized era, it is often easier to focus on differences between liberals and conservatives, especially when it comes to moral issues. Instead, we were interested in investigating when those differences might actually be smaller than expected,” said Sanaz Talaifar of the University of Texas at Austin, the corresponding author of the study.From 2015 to 2017, the researchers surveyed 919 Americans via Amazon’s Mechanical Turk regarding their foundational moral values, political orientation, and other factors. The participants consisted of 266 self-identified Republicans, 450 Democrats, and 198 independents/other party. In line with previous research, the study found that conservatives tended to value loyalty, purity and authority more than liberals, whose primary concerns were related to compassion and fairness. However, these moral differences between conservatives and liberals disappeared among participants who agreed with statements like “I am one with the United States” and “I have a deep emotional bond with the United States.”“Conservatives tend to care more than liberals about group-oriented values like loyalty and authority. Conservatives also tend to be more sensitive to threats in their environment than liberals. However, we found that when you compare conservatives and liberals who both feel deeply aligned with the U.S. those differences no longer emerge,” Talaifar told PsyPost.“The caveat is that when you look at how many liberals feel deeply aligned with the U.S., it’s less than the number of conservatives who feel that way about their country. So really it’s a minority of liberals who have similar ‘groupy’ values like conservatives. Also, we need to see whether these findings extend to other countries.”Conservatives and liberals in the United States also ended up finding some common ground when it came to how threatened they felt.“We also conducted some exploratory analyses of perceptions of threat to supplement the main findings described above. We found that conservatives felt more threatened than liberals in the week before the 2016 presidential election, which is not entirely surprising since their candidate was expected to lose (and conservatives generally feel more threat overall),” Talaifar explained.“But in the few days after the 2016 U.S. election, liberals’ feelings of threat surged (probably since their candidate lost) but conservatives feelings of threat didn’t decline, even though their candidate won. So you had this interesting situation immediately after the election where the winning and losing sides both felt similarly threatened.”The study, “Deep Alignment with Country Shrinks the Moral Gap Between Conservatives and Liberals“, was authored by Sanaz Talaifar and William B. Swann , Jr.
LinkedIn Share on Facebook Share The study compared 29 long-term meditation practitioners to 26 matched non-meditating controls. The long-term meditators had been practicing Buddhist meditation for least 3 years with a regularity of at least 3 hours per week.Gamaiunova and her colleagues examined how the participants’ responded to the Trier Social Stress Test, a common experimental technique for inducing a stress response, in which the participants were asked at short notice to complete a 5-minute speech and a 5-minute math task in front of an unfriendly committee, a camera and a microphone.The researchers found that long-term meditation practitioners had faster cortisol recovery from stress than controls. The long-term meditation practitioners also reported experiencing less self-conscious emotions after the stressful task.“Even though it is early to talk about conclusive evidence of robust effects of meditation on the physiology of the stress response, this study, among others, demonstrates that contemplative practice might indeed be related to the way our body deals with threats,” Gamaiunova told PsyPost.“The study shows that meditation is related to the physiological recovery from stress, and proposes an explanation supported by the data: mediators are more prone to use an emotion regulation strategy of acceptance, characterized by non-judgment and receptivity towards our experiences.”A growing body of research suggests that meditation can help in the fight against stress. For instance, a previous study, published in Psychiatry Research, found that anxiety disorder patients had reduced cortisol responses to the Trier Social Stress Test after taking a mindfulness meditation course.But the new study — like all research — includes some limitations.“First, when we talk about meditative practices, we need to keep in mind that there exist a variety of contemplative approaches that do not always work in the same manner. An increasing number of researchers design studies that allow us to differentiate the effects of different types of meditations. Future studies should help us to gain insights on what types of contemplative practices are most related to the psychobiological stress response,” Gamaiunova explained.“Second, stress response is quite complex: in order to understand how meditation practice affects our physiology, we need to investigate the complex dynamics of the stress response: are we getting stressed already anticipating something unpleasant? How long do we remain stressed after the danger is over? Meditation practice might affect some or all of the phases of our stress response.”“Third, we need to understand the psychological mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of contemplative training on our body. Do mediators learn to appraise the stressors differently? Do they experience the same emotions going through stress? How is meditation related to emotion regulation? These questions are very important for our understanding of what makes contemplative approaches effective,” Gamaiunova added.“And, of course, we need more research on shorter interventions, as not everyone is able to dedicate thousands of hours to meditative practice.”The study, “Exploration of psychological mechanisms of the reduced stress response in long-term meditation practitioners“, was authored by Liudmila Gamaiunova, Pierre-Yves Brandt, Guido Bondolfi, and Matthias Kliegel. New research published in Psychoneuroendocrinology has found that long-term meditation practitioners have a faster cortisol recovery from stress. The findings suggest the practicing meditation can improve the psychophysiological response to stress by reducing self-conscious emotions.“Stress is responsible for a variety of negative health outcomes, and takes a toll on quality of life and well-being. Thus, research on behavioral approaches that can help to attenuate the stress response is of utmost importance,” explained study author Liudmila Gamaiunova, a PhD candidate at the University of Lausanne.“I was intrigued by previous findings indicating that certain types of meditation could help to diminish the stress response. Equally, I was interested in why it might be the case, what are the mechanisms behind this relationship?” Pinterest Share on Twitter Email
Share on Facebook Email Share on Twitter Three separate studies were conducted to test whether heroic actors are more likely than observers to downplay the burdens associated with a heroic act. Researchers also tested whether heroes rate themselves less positively than observers do.Experiment 1 had 251 participants read one of 42 real news reports describing a heroic act. Each report included a quote from the hero reflecting on their actions. Participants were then questioned on the news reports and results showed that, overall, subjects believed that the heroes underrated themselves when it came to being heroic, admirable, and extraordinary.Experiment 2 randomly assigned 240 subjects to write about a heroic act they had either performed or witnessed. When participants were asked to evaluate the prosocial act in question, results showed that participants evaluated heroic acts that they had performed less positively than they evaluated heroic acts committed by others. They also rated heroic actions as less taxing when they were the actors rather than someone else.Finally, Experiment 3 had 296 participants watch one of three real-life videos that depicted a heroic act resulting in one or more lives being saved. Subjects were assigned to either evaluate the actions of the hero in the video or to imagine themselves in the shoes of the actor and rate the heroic action as if they were the performer. Results showed that subjects gave less positive ratings to the heroic act and rated the personal burden as lower when they were imagining themselves as the actor, rather than when they were simply evaluating the actor in the video.The author suggests that their findings reveal that heroes tend to rate themselves less positively than outsiders rate them and also tend to downplay their sacrifices. The author discusses a few possible explanations for this difference in appraisal.“First,” he explains, “actors may judge themselves relative to what they could have done to help, whereas observers may judge actors based on what they have actually done.”“Second,” he continues, “actors’ self-evaluations may be affected by the objective outcomes of their actions to a greater extent than observers’ evaluations. When outcomes are not uniformly positive (a firefighter who saved several people but not everyone caught in a fire), actors may evaluate themselves less positively than observers would.”The author concludes that it seems likely that heroes do not perform for the accolades. He says, “Heroes’ shunning of exceptional praise suggests that reputation may not be a key incentive for extreme prosocial actions.”The study, “Heroes Perceive Their Own Actions as Less Heroic Than Other People Do”, was authored by Nadav Klein.(Image by 272447 from Pixabay) Share Those who commit acts of extreme heroism are often observed modestly brushing off their efforts. A recent study provides insight into the self-evaluations of heroes, suggesting that they consistently rate themselves as less heroic, admirable, and extraordinary than observers do. The study was published in Social Psychology and Personality Science.The study’s author, Nadav Klein, wanted to explore why heroic individuals so often downplay their actions when compared to observers. He suggests the explanation lies in the way either party perceives the situation. Those who perform acts of heroism focus on the situation rather than their personal burdens when evaluating the heroic act. Observers, on the other hand, form their evaluations while focusing on the sacrifices of the hero.Klein uses an example to illustrate this. “Observing a person running into a collapsing building to rescue another leads one to focus on the personal risk the actor undertook.” By contrast, “The person who runs into a collapsing building may be less likely to focus on his or her own personal risk than on the victim’s safety.” LinkedIn Pinterest