A recent review of more than 20 academic papers on social contagion, published in the book Consumer Insights: Findings From Behavioral Research, shows that consumers are heavily influenced not only by word of mouth – which we all know by now — but also by merely observing the behaviors of others, even if no communication takes place.In your outreach in 2012, make sure that you keep this in mind. Here are some ideas on how to apply these findings:1. Include social sharing links in all of your outreach to encourage word of mouth2. Include a quote from a donor about why they support you on your home page3. Have beneficiaries write your acknowledgements to encourage work of mouth4. Have donors or volunteers write your next appeal, with details on why they support youRemember, you are rarely as effective a messenger as your supporters are.
We are on a collision course between ecosystems and food. How we resolve this issue over the coming years will be a key to preserving biodiversity and human well-being.This piece originally appeared in Portuguese in the Brazilian newspaper Valor.Looking around the world, global trends do not bode well for the Earth’s continued capacity to support improved human well-being. People are drawing down natural capital at an accelerating rate, and Nature doesn’t do bailouts.As the head of an organization that focuses on the intersection of environment and human needs, I rely on analysis and data to guide policy recommendations and decision making. The message from the data is clear: we are not winning the fight for sustainability. One key indicator is the loss of biodiversity – in the oceans, grasslands, forests – everywhere in the world and in every kind of ecosystem. As these ecosystems decline, they produce less of the “services” – from clean water to carbon storage – on which human well-being depends.We can, however, reverse this downward trend if we accept three key principles:1. It’s About FoodWhat does food supply have to do with conserving natural systems? Everything. Growing or capturing food is a factor in all five leading pressures that cause the loss of the ecosystems upon which the world’s biodiversity depends: Habitat loss, overexploitation, pollution, invasive species, and climate change.The findings of the United Nations’ Millennium Ecosystem Assessment bear this out.Habitats: According the UN, approximately 43 percent of tropical and subtropical forests and 45 percent of temperate forests worldwide have been converted to croplands and rangelands. Even greater shares of natural grassland have been converted to grow food.Overexploitation: 70 percent of global freshwater consumption is by agriculture. This constrains water supply for the 50 percent of the global population that lives in cities.Invasive species: The introduction of non-native fish species for food has led to declines in native species in many parts of the world.Pollution: Only a fraction of nitrogen applied as a fertilizer is typically used by plants; the rest ends up in inland waters and coastal systems, depleting oxygen and leaving dead zones where fish and shellfish cannot survive, and fisheries collapse.Climate change: Agriculture directly contributes to around 14 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions (using 2005 data) and drives additional emissions through its role in deforestation.Food production is an urgent human necessity, but if we are to preserve species and maintain Nature’s productive capacity, we need to find ways to grow food in a manner that does not exacerbate these pressures.Over the next 40 years, our natural and human systems will face a huge challenge caused by the convergence of several trends that are already underway. The world’s population is hurtling toward 9 billion by 2050. Per capita income is rising and leading to more consumption that is higher on the food chain (namely more meat). This, in turn, means that it will take more land to feed each person. And, finally, this means that more natural ecosystems —- such as forests, wetlands, and grasslands — will be converted to farms and ranches to grow food.In fact, according to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Secretary General, Jacques Diouf, demand for food will double in the next 40 years. We are on a collision course between ecosystems and food. How we resolve this issue over the coming years will be a key to preserving biodiversity and human well-being.2. “More With Less For More”The late CK Prahalad, a world leader in innovation and business strategy, came up with the phrase “More for Less For More.” What he meant is that we need to provide food and employment opportunities for more people. But the 21st century will likely be the era of human history when we reach the boundaries of Earth’s capacity. Thus, it is a time for strategies that produce more well-being while using less of Earth’s capacity. We need more wealth with less material for more people. This will be the key business and political challenge of our generation.As this dynamic plays out, agribusiness has a big role to play. Over the coming decades, the innovations and practices of agribusiness—both large and small—hold the key to whether people and business will rise to this challenge.There are many ideas about how agribusiness can be part of the solution. Here are three strategies to consider: First, increase productivity on existing farmland with proven technologies and best practices. Second, restore and utilize abandoned or “degraded” lands to reduce pressure on our forests, wetlands, and other natural ecosystems. Third, manage demand for food so that we become more efficient in using our food, and increase our reliance on different sources of protein.3. Government Must Set the ConditionsCertainly, business has an essential role to play, but it’s not the only role. There have to be local, national, and international governmental policies that set the conditions and market signals that align corporate and individual decisions with sustaining the world’s ecosystem. These signals involve tax policy reforms, new regulatory frameworks, and innovative incentives. Global climate change is a good example of how governments around the world will need to provide clear signals so business can adapt and innovate to work within the constraints of our natural systems.If the earth were a business, we would be on the verge of bankruptcy. If we used the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment as our audit, our credit rating would be so low that no sensible financier would invest in planet earth. And yet, we don’t even have a CEO to hold accountable.Thankfully, there are enough well-informed and capable people in the world across business, academia, and government to craft and implement a winning strategy. Strong leaders, stronger institutions and aligning incentives with sustaining ecosystems and the services they provide will be the keys to carry us forward. Brazil’s strengths and innovations make it a natural leader in the search for solutions. The world would benefit from Brazil’s leadership by example in tackling the challenges of providing for human needs and economic growth, while preserving biodiversity, knowing that there’s no bailout from Mother Nature.
With marine gas oil (MGO) currently costing almost twice as much as heavy fuel oil (HFO), Diks says that shipowners operating within ECA areas might see a 50% drop in fuel costs after installing scrubbers.”We expect a continued good demand for PureSOx, as ship owners will now start to be able to see the difference between HFO bills and MGO bills. The oil prices have been lowered, but the price difference is still about the same and therefore results in a good business case for many vessels,” Diks told WMN.”Currently, these shipowners won’t see a major difference in their fuel bills, compared to last year, as the fuel prices have dropped significantly in the last couple of months. So the incentive to invest now, might appear less, although the relative saving now has increased from 30 to 50%, so ship owners that want to strengthen their competitive position might opt for a scrubber solution. This definitely applies for ship owners sailing to a large extent in ECA areas,” said Diks.Alfa Laval sees the introduction of the new sulphur cap as an instigator of technological innovations in the development of scrubbers. As more and more companies enter the market, ”Alfa Laval will continue its R&D program to extend its product portfolio,” said Diks.WMN: Should the compliance with the new sulphur regulations be mandatory? What should be done to ensure better enforcement of the new sulphur limitations?Diks: There is no doubt that legislation already ratified in 2008 is in place and should be enforced. Enforcement is of course key to achieve a level playing field for ship owners sailing in ECAs and justifies investments in a scrubber solution.WMN: What has been the product that has sparked the greatest interest from your clients ahead of the sulphur switch?Diks: We have been focusing on our PureSOx solution that now has been sold to over 60 vessels. Customers value our reliability as we have a proven track record regarding abatement technologies to meet the new sulphur regulations. In September we launched our PureSOx 2.0 at the SMM in Hamburg which created huge interest and which has been sold since then to Horizon Lines, Atlantic Container Lines and Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.WMN: How long does it take for one of your scrubbers to be installed on a vessel?Diks: PureSOx is delivered as prefabricated components and modules, with every aspect of its installation well planned in advance. The packing of the components and their delivery to the site is optimized for a fast installation start-up. To save docking time, some preparation can be done while the vessel is in operation, and the final commissioning can also be handled en route. With a capable shipyard and smart planning, the total vessel downtime can be kept to as little as 2-3 weeks.WMN: With PureSOx recently being granted its first class approvals within MEPC.184 (59), you suggested that the class approval process for open-loop scrubbers, should not only rely on measurements, but also include calculation-based methodologies? How will these calculations be performed?Diks: This topic has been discussed and is still under discussion in IMO. Alfa Laval has developed its own calculation based methodology but realizes that this needs to be synchronized with all parties involved. A common approach to this is key to ensure a solution that can be pragmatically implemented during retrofits/new building projects. Our customers are looking for clear guidance regarding the pH requirements.WMN: Has Alfa Laval performed any environmental and financial viability tests so far, and what have been the results?Diks: Alfa Laval has performed tests and they can be found in the 2012 COWI report. Alfa Laval’s scrubber portfolio can be offered with 3 operational modes – closed loop, open loop and hybrid. When systems are operating in closed loop operation, almost no harmful substances are released into the water. In closed loop operation the scrubber water is dosed with an alkaline additive and recirculated. As the scrubber water becomes dirty, the water is cleaned with our unique water cleaning process. What remains is sludge that needs to be disposed at harbor reception facilities. Only a small part of the cleaned water needs to be discharged overboard, the remainder of the cleaned water is fed back and re-used in the scrubbing process. Alfa Laval will continue its development program to ensure that scrubbers remain an economically viable solution and will be able to coop with more stringent future legislation.WMN: Are there any plans to launch a new product soon, and what are your goals for 2015?Diks: Over the course of 2015 we will launch our inline version of PureSOx. The first system will soon be tested on board. Full sales of the inline will start in Q4 of 2015. We will continue working on the development of the PureSOx 2.0 which has been launched at SMM Hamburg 2014.World Maritime News Staff; Images: Alfa Laval Swedish engineering group Alfa Laval has seen a steady growth in the orders of their marine exhaust gas cleaning systems, the so-called scrubbers, spurred on by the introduction of the 0.1% Sulphur Directive, and the trend is expected to continue throughout 2015, René Diks, Manager Marketing & Sales, Exhaust Gas Cleaning at Alfa Laval, told World Maritime News.Rene Diks, Alfa Laval’sBusiness Unit Manager for Exhaust Gas cleaningNow in its second generation, the Alfa Laval PureSOx scrubber has accumulated an order portfolio of 70 units, comprising over 1,100 connected megawatts on roughly 65 vessels, including two full-scale pilot installations and the first orders in the US and Asia. The most recent order was secured from Finnlines for an exhaust gas scrubber for MS Finnmerchant.Judging by Alfa Laval’s order book, this exhaust gas cleaning technology is the most popular with ro/ro and cruise ship owners, with Spliethoff, DFDS, Grimaldi Group and Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd, among others, opting for the PureSOx scrubbers. Geographically speaking, the strongest demand for PureSOx scrubbers is recorded in North Europe, Germany, Benelux and the USA, according to Diks.
COLCHESTER COUNTY: Highway 102, Hilden Work on a culvert on Highway 102 in the Hilden area will require occasional lane reductions on traffic in both directions until Wednesday, Sept. 30. Drivers should watch for traffic control and be prepared to slow down. Work takes place from sunrise to sunset. PICTOU COUNTY: West River Bridge, Trunk 4 West River Bridge on Trunk 4 in West River, will have occasional lane reductions for repairs until Friday, Aug. 28. Traffic control people are on site. Work takes place from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m. -30-
New Delhi: South American countries Peru and Chile may end up in Indian courts as both have locked horns in the country over GI (Geographical Indications) tag on ‘Pisco’ brandy. A GI tag is primarily an agricultural, natural or a manufactured product (handicrafts and industrial goods) originating from a definite geographical territory. Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness, which is essentially attributable to the place of its origin. Also Read – Maruti cuts production for 8th straight month in SepWhile Peru has sought GI tag in India for ‘Pisco’ brandy, Chile opposed the move saying they also sell the same product with same name. The GI Registry office in India passed an order renaming the GI as “Peruvian Pisco” and issued a certificate of registration. Against this order, Peru filed an appeal before the Intellectual Property Appellate Board as they want the tag as “Pisco” only. The Intellectual property appellate board (IPAB) after hearing the case accepted the appeal of Peru and accordingly stated that the mark of the appellant “Pisco” eligible for registration. Also Read – Ensure strict implementation on ban of import of e-cigarettes: revenue to CustomsAccording to an official, Chile has raised opposition on this again. The official said that now Chile has to approach High Court as IPAB’s order can only be challenged in a High Court. Award of GI tag gives protection to a producer of those genuine products, which commands premium pricing in the domestic and international markets. Once GI protection is granted, no other producer can misuse the name to market similar products. It also provides comfort to customers about the authenticity of that product. The tag is initially granted for a period of ten years but can be renewed indefinitely.
Islamabad: Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan’s net income has dropped sharply in the last three years from 35.6 million Pakistani rupees in 2015 to only 4.7 million Pakistani rupees in 2017, the media reported on Monday. In 2015, a major chunk of Khan’s income comprised the gain of a little over 20 million Pakistani rupees from the sale of an apartment in Islamabad, followed by 9.8 million Pakistani rupees of foreign remittances, Dawn news reported citing official documents. Also Read – Imran Khan arrives in China, to meet Prez Xi Jinping In 2016, his total income dropped to 12.9 million Pakistani rupees of which he earned 7.4 million Pakistani rupees from “foreign services” alone. In contrast, the income of opposition leader in the National Assembly Shahbaz Sharif continued to see an upward trend as his net income rose from 7.6 million Pakistani rupees in 2015 and crossed 10 million Pakistani rupees in 2017. Former President Asif Ali Zardari’s agricultural income that comprises most part of his net income stood at 105 million Pakistani rupees in 2015. It rose to 114 million Pakistani rupees in 2016 and surged to 134 million Pakistani rupees in 2017. He holds 7,748 acres of land. His income from other sources also increased While his son Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari appears richer than him in terms of assets he holds in Pakistan and elsewhere, he lags behind the father in terms of income, according to the documents.
The country’s rice harvest could be the worst in 40 years, charity Save the Children predicted. The just-completed harvest was 63 percent below normal, it said. The survey found that over one-third of the drought-affected households had seen their income drop by half since September, and 60 percent of the households surveyed were in debt. Government and WFP assessments suggest Sri Lanka’s 2017 rice harvest could be less than half the 3 million metric tons recorded last year. Preliminary data in the survey also indicated that female-headed households in drought areas were faring worse than others, with almost 20 percent reporting “poor” to “borderline” ability to access enough food as a result of the drought.Yapa said that the government was devising a plan to help those affected and “we will begin cash assistance very soon.”The initial plan is to provide 500,000 persons with cash assistance, he said. The government has so far set aside 8 billion rupees ($52 million) for cash-for-work programs in drought-hit areas.Over 50 million rupees ($300,000) has been allocated to distribute water to affected populations in 22 of the island’s 25 districts, he said.The drought is expected to continue into April, according to seasonal forecasting by the Meteorological Department.“The big rains will come with the next monsoon,” which is expected to arrive in late May, said Lalith Chandrapala, director general of the Meteorological Department. Sri Lanka’s government said over 1.2 million people have been affected by the country’s current drought, which began last November and continues despite some occasional rainfall over the last two months.Save the Children estimates that over 600,000 of those affected — two-thirds of the total — are children.The Western and Northern Provinces have been worst hit, with over 400,000 people struggling with drought in each province. The average amount of debt was about 180,000 Sri Lankan rupees, or $1,200, WFP said.The survey findings are expected to be formally released later this month. The worst drought in five years has pushed 900,000 people in Sri Lanka into acute food insecurity, the World Food Program (WFP) says, according to the Reuters news agency.An unpublished survey conducted by government agencies and relief organizations in February found that both food insecurity and debt were rising sharply among families hit by drought, the WFP office in Sri Lanka confirmed to Reuters. The government has already taken steps to increase rice imports to stave off shortages, Disaster Management Minister Anura Priyadarshana Yapa said.“We have a shortfall in the rice harvest. We have been taking action to prevent any shortfalls and will allow for tax-free rice imports until the harvest recovers,” he said.Worst-affected by the drought have been farmers and those relying on agricultural work for income. The joint WFP and government survey indicated that one out of five farmers and one out of four farm laborers is now classified as food insecure in the drought region.
Dow’s 20,000 breakthrough shores up global stocks by The Associated Press Posted Jan 25, 2017 8:07 am MDT Last Updated Jan 26, 2017 at 5:40 am MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email A screen above the floor of the New York Stock Exchange shows the closing number for the Dow Jones industrial average, Wednesday, Jan. 25, 2017. The DJIA closed above 20,000 points for the first time, the latest milestone in a record-setting drive for the stock market. (AP Photo/Richard Drew) LONDON – Buoyed by the Dow Jones’ first-ever breach of the 20,000 mark, global stock markets eked out further gains on Thursday.KEEPING SCORE: The FTSE 100 index of leading British shares was up 0.2 per cent to 7,178 while Germany’s DAX rose 0.5 per cent to 11,660. The CAC-40 in France was 0.1 per cent higher at 4,881. U.S. stocks were headed for further gains, albeit modest ones, at the open with both Dow futures and the broader S&P 500 futures up 0.1 per cent.DOW RECORD: The main driver in markets remained Wednesday’s milestone for the Dow. The hope, certainly among the ranks of the investing community on Wall Street is that the new Trump administration will be good for business, through a variety of policy changes on trade, tax and regulation.ANALYST TAKE: “Donald Trump joined in on the celebrations of yesterday’s 20,000 marker and to a large degree he is to thank for it coming to fruition,” said Joshua Mahony, market analyst at IG. “Despite the divisive nature of Trumps policies, markets have come to the realization that money talks, and with many of his other policies coming to fruition, it seems a fiscal spending package is just around the corner.”LUNAR NEW YEAR: Markets in China, Hong Kong, South Korea and other Asian countries are about to begin holidays of varying lengths to mark the lunar new year, curtailing trading across much of the region.ASIA’S DAY: The Dow’s record high close was front page news across the region. Japan’s Nikkei 225 surged 1.8 per cent to 19,402.39 and South Korea’s Kospi gained 0.8 per cent to 2,083.59. Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index advanced 1.4 per cent to 23,374.17. The Shanghai Composite index rose 0.3 per cent to 3,159.17.OIL: Benchmark U.S. crude oil added 15 cents to $52.90 per barrel in New York. Brent crude, used to price international oils, gained 21 cents to $55.63 a barrel in London.CURRENCIES: The euro fell 0.3 per cent to $1.0726 while the dollar rose 1 per cent to 114.34 yen.
WASHINGTON, United States of America – Two historic figures in American politics spoke about the Canada-U.S. softwood lumber dispute this week — one sympathetic to the northern neighbour, and the other less so.The good cop: John McCain.Bad cop: Jimmy Carter.The ex-presidential nominee and ex-president offered contrasting views this week on the Trump administration’s decision to slap duties up to 24 per cent on Canadian lumber and initiate the latest round in a recurring trade feud.McCain lamented that this was a poor way for President Donald Trump to start relations with a neighbour.“Couldn’t we have tried to sit down and negotiate that issue? Rather than send the message early in the administration that we’re going to retaliate?” the Arizona senator said during a conference at the U.S. State Department on Tuesday.“I’m not sure that’s how we want to treat our relationship with Canada.”That was music to the ears of Canada’s trade minister.Francois-Philippe Champagne met with McCain after giving a speech at the same conference. He said Canada is weighing what he calls “options” — others call them “threats” — to hit U.S. coal exports, and Oregon industries, in retaliation for lumber duties.He said Canada is looking to diversify its trade, so it’s less reliant on one partner, and that it might become what Champagne described as an international trade bridge — linking Europe and Asia.As Canada pushes to revive the Trans-Pacific Partnership, open trade talks with China, and enter a new deal with Europe, the U.S. is withdrawing from TPP, seeking to reduce imports, and favours bilateral trade deals over big multilateral ones.“Canada is working hard to realize an ambitious agenda of trade diversification,” Champagne said.“This includes pursuing new markets for softwood lumber, given the recent U.S. duties. We believe these duties to be unfair and unwarranted and we are taking steps to defend our industry, as you would do.”America’s 39th president would beg to differ.Carter penned an op-ed in the Washington Post titled: “Trump is right. Canada’s lumber trade practices are unfair.” Carter conceded that he has a personal stake in this, as lumber sales are a major source of income for his own family.“We have suffered financially for many years from an unfair advantage enjoyed by our major competitor in this vital market, (Canada),” he wrote.“Canada enjoys an inherent advantage in that the vast majority of its standing timber is owned by provincial governments, which are free to dump their timber at practically no cost in order to stimulate their forest industry… Largely because of Canada’s unfair trade, the prices we receive today are the same as when I was in office over 35 years ago, although expenses … are much greater.”He said that the U.S. could supply all of its own lumber needs with moderate adjustments in management practices. It could supply 84 per cent of those needs, he said, if only Canada changed its logging practices.But now, he noted, the U.S. supplies less than 70 per cent of its own lumber and imports more than 30 per cent from Canada.The Canadian government and its allies in the U.S. home-builders’ lobby offer a counter-argument: that any move to drive up the cost of Canadian lumber has consequences, with more expensive home construction, and a hit to home buyers. by Alexander Panetta, The Canadian Press Posted May 10, 2017 2:00 am MDT Last Updated May 10, 2017 at 3:00 am MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email John McCain, Jimmy Carter, and Canadian lumber: one’s more sympathetic
The book, Edible Insects: future prospects for food and feed security, stresses not just the nutritional value of insects, but also the benefits that insect farming could potentially have on the environment and on addressing the rapidly increasing demand for food worldwide.While the idea of eating a worm, grasshopper or cicada at every meal may seem strange, FAO says this has many health benefits. Insects are high in protein, fat and mineral contents. They can be eaten whole or ground into a powder or paste, and incorporated into other foods.“Insects are not harmful to eat, quite the contrary. They are nutritious, they have a lot of protein and are considered a delicacy in many countries,” said Eva Muller, the Director of FAO’s Forest Economics, Policy and Products Division.Although they are not staples of Western cuisine, insects currently supplement the diets of some 2 billion people and have always been part of human diets in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Of the 1 million known insect species, 1900 are consumed by humans. Some of the most consumed insects include beetles, caterpillars, bees, wasps, ants, grasshoppers, locusts and crickets.“If we think about edible insects, there’s a huge potential that has essentially not been tapped yet,” Ms. Muller said. “Most [insects] are just collected and there’s very little experience in insect farming, for example, which is something that could be explored in view of a growing population.”According to the book, which was launched today at the Forests for Food Security and Nutrition conference, taking place through Wednesday at FAO headquarters in Rome, farming insects for human and animal consumption is particularly relevant at a time when population growth, urbanization, and the rising middle class have increased the demand for food while simultaneously harming the environment that enables its production. Honey ants. Photo: R. Start By 2030, over 9 million people will need to be fed, along with the billions of animals raised annually for food and as pets. Meanwhile, land and water pollution from intensive livestock production and over-grazing are leading to forest degradation, thereby contributing to climate change.“Domesticating and rearing insects can help sustain insect populations while also helping counter nutritional insecurity and improve livelihoods,” said Afton Halloran, a consultant for the FAO Edible Insects Programme. “Farming insects has a huge global potential for both animal feed and food production. We are already seeing producers creating animal feed from insects and research. And development is occurring around the world in order incorporate insects into menus and processed foods.”The production of greenhouse gases by insect farming would likely be lower than that of livestock. For example, pigs produce 10-100 times more greenhouse gases per kilogram than mealworms. Insects also feed on bio-waste, use significantly less water than livestock, and can be farmed more easily, the book states. Insect farming could also offer important livelihoods to people in rural areas as minimal technical or capital expenditure is required for basic harvesting and rearing equipment.Their high nutritional value and relative ease of en-masse production will not be enough to make insects part of people’s dishes all over the world, and FAO knows this.“Consumer disgust remains one of the largest barriers to the adoption of insects as viable sources of protein in many Western countries,” Ms. Muller said in an interview. “Nevertheless, history has shown that dietary patterns can change quickly, particularly in the globalized world.”She added that Western countries, most notably in Europe, have also been recently expressing interest in incorporating insects into their cuisine. “We have already seen cookbooks show up that offer recipes on edible insects, and there are a few restaurants in capital European cities that actually offer edible insects on their menus,” she said. “I don’t expect it to be something that happens very quickly, but if we remember that 20 years ago nobody in Europe would think of eating raw fish, and everybody now loves sushi, things can change, so even the cultures that are not used to eating insects may eventually develop a taste for them.”A common misconception of insects as food is that they are only consumed in times of hunger. However, in most instances where they are a staple in local diets, they are consumed because of their taste, and not because there are no other food sources available.Insect trading is thriving in cities such as Bangkok and Kinshasa, and there is high demand from urban consumers. In such places, insects often arouse feelings of nostalgia for the rural countryside. In other cases, insects are seen as a snack.The book stresses that there is still a long way to go before insects can be universally incorporated into both human and animal diets. Mass-production technologies need to be perfected, potential allergies to certain species need to be explored, and legislation must be enacted on insect farming. The food industry, including industry professionals and chefs, must also help raise awareness about insects’ potential as food to increase the level of acceptance among consumers.“Although it is unrealistic to see families in the West eating insects for their Sunday lunch within the next decade, the potential of insects is huge and we hope that slowly but surely this potential will be realized,” Ms. Halloran said. The caterpillar of Xyleutes capensis (Cossidae), locally calledndoko, is, to this day, one of several wood-boring pests eaten as a snack at Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Photo: H. Schabel Stingless bees (Apidae) are among multipurpose insects that produce several commodities and can be managed as minigame in the wild as well as semi-domesticated minilivestock. Photo: esticated minilivestock (Courtesy H. Schabel ‹ › Deep-frying of bamboo worms (northern Thailand). Photo: P.B. Durst Insects on sale alongside other delicacies in northern Thailand. Photo: P.B. Durst
“The Secretary-General deplores in the strongest terms attacks against United Nations peacekeepers and calls for swift action to bring the perpetrators of this crime to justice. He further calls on all armed groups to respect the impartiality of MINUSCA,” reads a statement issued by the UN Spokesperson during evening.MINUSCA peacekeepers were attacked by an armed group during a search operation intended to arrest a suspected criminal in application of a judicial warrant from the Public Prosecutor of Bangui. One of them was killed and eight were injured. Three suspects were arrested during the operation.Mr. Ban offered his condolences to the bereaved family and to the Government and people of Cameroon, wishing a speedy recovery to the injured.“The Secretary-General reiterates the commitment of the United Nations to support the Central African authorities in their fight against criminality and putting an end to impunity, in line with MINUSCA’s mandate and within its area of deployment,” adds the statement.
Marking the one-year anniversary of the signing of the Libyan Political Agreement, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today commended all Libyans who engaged in the “milestone” process, but cautioned that while much progress has been made, “the road to peace is long” and the Libyan people have not yet achieved the stability and security they deserve. “One year ago today, the Libyan Political Agreement was signed in Skhirat, Morocco, marking a critical milestone in the country’s democratic transition,” said a statement issued by Mr. Ban’s spokesperson, which commended all Libyans who engaged in the process, in the spirit of reconciliation, inclusion and human rights. The statement noted that the road to peace is long and requires hard work and commitment and points out that much has been achieved in the past year: the Presidency Council was formed and operates from Tripoli; oil production has increased; and significant advances have been made against terrorism across the country. “The Secretary-General cautions, however, that the slow pace of implementation of the Agreement has not brought the stability and security the Libyan people need and deserve,” the statement said, adding that the 2011 revolution brought hope for a better life and that it is imperative that the sacrifices of so many Libyans should not have been in vain.Mr. Ban through the statement went on to urge those that are not currently engaged in the process to join efforts to find a consensual solution to the ongoing crisis.“The Secretary-General reiterates that the United Nations will continue to accompany the process and support the Libyan people,” said the statement, through which the UN chief saluted the efforts of his Special Representative, Martin Kobler, as well as of the staff of the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL). Appreciation was also expressed to the African Union, the European Union, the League of Arab States and Member States for their strong support to the Libyan political process.Today’s statement follows Mr. Kobler’s 6 December briefing to the UN Security Council in which he noted that implementation of the Political Agreement is lagging and that its institutions continue to work far below expectations.The Agreement rests on four main principles: ensuring the democratic rights of the Libyan people, the need for a consensual government based on the principle of the separation of powers, oversight and balance between them, as well as the need to empower State institutions like the Government of National Accord so that they can address the serious challenges ahead, respect for the Libyan judiciary and its independence.Sporadic outbursts of violence continue to rattle the beleaguered nation, in conflict since the beginning of the revolution in 2011 which resulted in the ouster of late Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.
Sandvik, a world leader in equipment, tools and services across hard and soft rock underground mining and open-pit mining, as well as construction and quarrying, will be showcasing its range of integrated solutions on Stands 208 and 5211 at AIMEX 2007 – Asia Pacific’s International Mining Exhibition, to be held at Sydney’s Olympic Park from September 4 to 7, 2007.The company’s focus at AIMEX will be to highlight its integrated solutions approach to the mining sector – which adds value through innovation, applications advice, product selection, through to risk management services, training, and product life-cycle support and service. This will include presentations and information on its unique Automine™ system, an automated underground ore transportation system allowing operators to control and supervise semi-automated LHDs and automated dump trucks from a control room on the surface. Automating the extraction and hauling processes through Automine improves the performance and productivity of a mine, mainly through increased utilisation, process control and optimisation of equipment – as well as significantly increasing mine safety.Sandvik’s displays at AIMEX will feature several pieces of equipment, including its Series 2500 Roof Bolter and DD530-S60C Cabin hydraulic jumbo, which are designed to increase productivity, safety and ability for mining and construction operations.The Series 2500 Roof Bolter is designed as a high-performance solution for coal mining operations, incorporating custom-designed mounting systems tailored to customer needs. It can be mounted to any make or model of new or used underground hydraulic equipment, including continuous miners, road headers, shuttle cars, mobile bolters and multi-purpose vehicles.Sandvik’s DD530-S60C Cabin jumbo is a three-boom electro-hydraulic unit designed for fast and accurate drilling in tunnelling and cavern excavation of 12-75 m2 cross sections. It is designed to reduce maintenance time, improve performance and increase safety. Applications include drilling for tunnelling and cavern excavation, cross-cutting, bolt hole drilling and extension drilling applications.Other Sandvik products on display at AIMEX include:Sandvik dust suppression systems, designed to control dust emissions at conveyor loading and transfer points. These systems use less than 500 W of electricity to capture around 95% of airborne dust particles, which then rejoins the product, adding value to the process.Sandvik telescopic chutes, designed to encapsulate dust during the last step in mineral processing from conveyor belt to stockpile. The company will be displaying its latest telescopic chute featuring a patented design, optimised safety features, and an improved conveyor chute interface.Also at AIMEX, Sandvik will have representatives from its HR team as it looks to recruit people seeking a career with a fast-growing, innovative company. The exhibition will provide an opportunity for Sandvik to demonstrate its wide range of products and services – and the opportunities it can offer to potential employees, as well as highlighting its training processes and capabilities.Sandvik’s DD530-S60C jumbo is a 3-boom electro-hydraulic unit designed for fast and accurate drilling in tunnelling and cavern excavation of 12-75 m2 cross section �